© National Portrait Gallery, London
Thomas Augustine Arne
by Robert Dunkarton, after William Humphrey Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1778
Given by Ernest E. Leggatt, 1913
- Robert Dunkarton (circa 1744-1811?), Engraver and portrait painter. Artist associated with 164 portraits.
- William Humphrey (1742?-before 1815), Engraver and printseller. Artist associated with 69 portraits.
Catholic Relief Act is the first to provide a measure of catholic emancipation, modifying the penal laws that effectively prevented Catholics from holding public office. The reform is encouraged by the Lord Chief Justice, Lord Mansfield, who had balked at various prosecutions under the statutes now repealed.
Art and science
Francis D'Arblay, writing as Fanny Burney, publishes her novel Evelina, or the History of a Young Lady's Entrance into the World
, in which she satirises contemporary society.Engineer Joseph Bramah invents a type of flush toilet, replacing the usual slide valve with a hinged flap that seals the bottom of the bowl.
American War of Independence: France, joining the American colonies in their fight against Britain, sends a large fleet across the Atlantic. The British rapidly abandon Philadelphia. The American naval hero John Paul Jones makes successful raids around the coasts of Britain.James Cook's third Pacific voyage, aboard the ships HMS Resolution
and HMS Discovery
, first views Oahu then Kauai in the Hawaiian Islands, which Cook names the Sandwich Islands.