© National Portrait Gallery, London
Maria Anne Ashley (née Baillie)
by George Henry Phillips, after Sir Thomas Lawrence Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1842
12 in. x 9 5/8 in. (306 mm x 245 mm) plate size; 16 1/4 in. x 13 in. (412 mm x 330 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Sir Thomas Lawrence (1769-1830), Portrait painter, collector and President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 684 portraits, Sitter in 25 portraits.
- George Henry Phillips (circa 1800-active 1852), Printmaker. Artist associated with 22 portraits.
Edwin Chadwick publishes his damning report, Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Poor
, which details the shocking living conditions of the urban poor and prompts government to take a new interest in public health issues.A year-long depression and the rejection of the Chartist petition leads to riots, with workers striking in the Midlands, Lancashire, Yorkshire, and parts of Scotland.
Art and science
Mudie's Lending Library opens, becoming one of the largest circulating libraries in the period. Made popular by the otherwise high cost of books, it exerts a great influence over literature; both by maintaining the more costly 'three decker' novel structure, and acting as moral censor.Richard Owen, the English biologist, comparative anatomist and palaeontologist, coins the term 'dinosaur', combining the Greek words for 'formidable' and 'reptile'.
Treaty of Nanjing, which allows China to trade with Britain and lends Hong Kong to the British crown for 150 years. In Afghanistan, the Anglo-Afghan war ends as the British abandon Kabul, withdrawing to India and losing most of their garrison force in the operation with only one member, Dr William Brydon, surviving.