© National Portrait Gallery, London
John Murray, 1st Marquess of Atholl
after L. Schunemann Click on the links below to find out more
Given by Macleod of Macleod, 1912
Following her recent arrival in England at the invitation of courtier Ralph Montagu, Hortense Mancini, Duchess of Mazarin, niece of Cardinal Mazarin, becomes the king's newest mistress.
Art and science
Oculist, William Briggs publishes, Ophthalmographia
, an anatomical description of the eye, dedicating it to his patron, Ralph Montagu, Duke of Montagu. Restoration comedy, The Plain-Dealer
, by William Wycherley, is staged. Widely admired by his supportive friends, the play's innovative theatrical conventions confused audiences.
Diplomat, Sir Leoline Jenkins, acts as a plenipotentiary in peace negotiations at Nijmegen to settle interrelated conflicts between European states, including the Franco-Dutch war. However, the imperial delegation refused to formally recognise Jenkins and Temple's involvement, and they are ultimately forced to withdraw.