© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sarah Austin (née Taylor)
by (Isaac) Weld Taylor, after Henry Perronet Briggs Click on the links below to find out more
lithograph, published 1835
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Lord Melbourne, Whig, becomes Prime Minister following Peel's resignation. Melbourne's government took steps to suppress trade union activity, introducing legislation against 'illegal oaths', contributing to the failure of Robert Owen's Grand National Consolidated Trades' Union.
Art and science
Felix Dujardin, the French biologist, reveals protoplasm. Work on the enlargement and remodelling of Buckingham House to designs by the architect John Nash is completed, creating Buckingham Palace.
Juan Manuel de Rosas becomes dictator of Argentina, invoking a seventeen year rule dominated by terror. A powerful cattle rancher, he represents the rise of the estancieros
, the new landed oligarchy based on commercial ranching.