© National Portrait Gallery, London
Richard Hussey Vivian, 1st Baron Vivian when Sir Richard Hussey Vivian, Bt
by Joseph Brown, after Sir Martin Archer Shee Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, published 1840
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Joseph Brown (1809-1887), Engraver. Artist associated with 167 portraits.
- Sir Martin Archer Shee (1769-1850), Portrait painter and President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 85 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
Victoria marries her cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; he is given the title of Prince Consort. The Penny Black stamp is introduced by Rowland Hill; the first pre-paid, self-adhesive stamp, it marks the start of the modern postal system.The start of the Irish potato famine, which by the time of its peak in 1851, had caused the deaths of one million, and contributed to the sharp rise of emigration from Ireland to England and America.
Art and science
Beau Brummel, the fashion leader responsible for sparking the culture of 'Dandyism', dies of syphilis.The first stone is laid on the new Houses of Parliament, based on the gothic designs by the architects Charles Barry and Augustus Pugin. The old buildings had burned down in 1834, following a blaze caused by burning wooden tallies used by the Exchequer to calculate tax.
The Afghans surrender to Britain during the Afghan-British war (1839-42). The war was sparked by British fear over Russian influence in Afghanistan, with the British East India Company resolving to depose the Afghan leader, Dost Muhammad, who was insistent on Afghan independence, and restore the former leader Shoja Shah. The Maoris yield sovereignty of New Zealand under the Treaty of Waitangi.