© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Isaac Newton
by John Goldar, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, circa 1755-1795 (1702)
8 7/8 in. x 7 3/8 in. (226 mm x 186 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727), Mathematical scientist. Sitter associated with 46 portraits.
- John Goldar (1729-1795), Engraver and printseller. Artist associated with 44 portraits.
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1678 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
George Grenville resigns as Treasurer of the Navy and Henry Bilson Legge as Chancellor of the Exchequer in protest over payments made to Russia to protect Hanover. William Pitt the Elder is dismissed from the position of Paymaster of the Forces.
Art and science
Samuel Johnson publishes his monumental Dictionary
; the first authoritative dictionary of the English language.Methodist preacher John Wesley publishes Notes on a New Testament
An earthquake nearly completely destroys Lisbon, Portugal. The event is widely discussed by European Enlightenment thinkers, inspiring Voltaire's Candide
. Its intensive study leads to the birth of modern seismology and earthquake engineering.Edward Braddock fights French and Indian troops in the Ohio valley. His army are ambushed at Fort Duquesne and he is killed; one of several encounters prior to the declaration of the Seven Years War.