© National Portrait Gallery, London
Unknown woman engraved as Catherine Howard
by Jacobus Houbraken, after Hans Holbein the Younger Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1747-1752
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Catherine Howard (circa 1518-1542), Fifth Queen Consort of Henry VIII. Sitter associated with 9 portraits.
Jacobite Simon Fraser, 11th Baron Lovat is found guilty of high treason and beheaded by axe at the Tower of London; the last man to be executed in this way in Britain. Abolition of Hereditable Jurisdictions Act breaks the power of the Scottish clans.Liverpool overtakes Bristol as Britain's busiest slave trading port.
Art and science
Actor David Garrick becomes co-manager of Drury Lane Theatre, London. Physician James Lind undertakes one of the first controlled medical experiments on the effect of citrus fruit as a cure for scurvy.Hannah Glasse publishes The Art of Cookery, Made Plain and Easy
; eighteenth-century England's most popular cookbook.
War of the Austrian Succession: at the First Battle of Cape Finisterre the British fleet is victorious against the French. British forces led by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland are subsequently defeated by Marshal Maurice de Saxe's French army at the Battle of Lauffeld near Maastricht. At the Second Battle of Cape Finisterre the British fleet puts an end to French naval operations for the remainder of the war.