© National Portrait Gallery, London
Queen Mary II when Princess of Orange
by Pieter Schenck Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, probably 1680s
8 in. x 6 in. (203 mm x 152 mm)
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Queen Mary II (1662-1694), Reigned with William III 1689-94. Sitter associated with 93 portraits.
- Pieter Schenck (1660-1711), Engraver and publisher. Artist associated with 50 portraits.
William Howard, Viscount Stafford, is convicted of impeachment and beheaded on account of his alleged involvement in the Popish Plot. Whigs' sponsorship of a pope-burning procession, for the second consecutive year, supports their campaign to exclude James, Duke of York from the throne.
Art and science
Writer, John Bunyan, publishes, The Life and Death of Mr. Badman
. Novelistic in form and conceived as a dialogue between two gentlemen, the book was intended as a sequel to the first part of The Pilgrim's Progress
Revelations surface of a Catholic uprising in Ireland with French support. The government launches an inquiry, ultimately leading to the execution of Oliver Plunket, Archbishop of Armagh. Secretary of State, Robert Spencer, in adopting an anti-French foreign policy, forges a defensive Anglo-Spanish treaty while seeking an alliance with the Dutch.