© National Portrait Gallery, London
'Collina' (Lady Gertrude Fitzpatrick)
by John Jones, after Sir Joshua Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, published 1792
13 3/8 in. x 9 3/4 in. (340 mm x 248 mm)
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- John Jones (circa 1745-1797), Engraver and printseller. Artist associated with 91 portraits.
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
The famous seven year trial of Warren Hastings, Governor-General of Bengal, on charges of embezzlement and murder, ends with his acquittal. Pro-Revolutionary philosopher Joseph Priestley's house is destroyed by a mob on the anniversary of the fall of the Bastille. Their actions are later seen as a key moment in the defeat of Enlightenment ideals in England.
Art and science
Mary Wollstonecraft publishes A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
; a radical work which called on women to be allies to one another; fearless in their support and free in their criticism.Sir Joshua Reynolds dies and is succeeded by Benjamin West as President of the Royal Academy.
The mob invades the Tuileries and the French Royal Family is imprisoned marking the end of France's experiment with constitutional monarchy and the declaration of the first French Republic.The Revolutionary Commune is established in Paris.France declares war on Austria and then Prussia.