© National Portrait Gallery, London
Mary, Princess of Orange
by William Faithorne Jr, after Adriaen Hanneman Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, circa 1680 (1660)
12 1/8 in. x 9 1/8 in. (308 mm x 232 mm) plate size; 13 1/8 in. x 9 1/2 in. (333 mm x 241 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Mary, Princess of Orange (1631-1660), Daughter of Charles I; wife of William II of Orange-Nassau. Sitter associated with 49 portraits.
- William Faithorne Jr (circa 1670-1703), Engraver. Artist associated with 52 portraits.
- Adriaen Hanneman (1601?-1671?), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 32 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- NPG D10636: Mary, Princess of Orange (from same plate)
- NPG D19568: Mary, Princess of Orange (from same plate)
William Howard, Viscount Stafford, is convicted of impeachment and beheaded on account of his alleged involvement in the Popish Plot. Whigs' sponsorship of a pope-burning procession, for the second consecutive year, supports their campaign to exclude James, Duke of York from the throne.
Art and science
Writer, John Bunyan, publishes, The Life and Death of Mr. Badman
. Novelistic in form and conceived as a dialogue between two gentlemen, the book was intended as a sequel to the first part of The Pilgrim's Progress
Revelations surface of a Catholic uprising in Ireland with French support. The government launches an inquiry, ultimately leading to the execution of Oliver Plunket, Archbishop of Armagh. Secretary of State, Robert Spencer, in adopting an anti-French foreign policy, forges a defensive Anglo-Spanish treaty while seeking an alliance with the Dutch.