© National Portrait Gallery, London
Henrietta Anne, Duchess of Orleans
by Charles Turner, after Pierre Mignard Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1812
6 1/4 in. x 4 1/4 in. (159 mm x 108 mm) plate size; 11 in. x 8 1/8 in. (279 mm x 206 mm) paper size
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
- Pierre Mignard (1612-1695), Painter and portraitist. Artist associated with 7 portraits.
- Charles Turner (1773-1857), Engraver. Artist associated with 618 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
- NPG D7876: Henrietta Anne, Duchess of Orleans (from same plate)
Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is assassinated in the lobby of the House of Commons by a bankrupt named John Bellingham. A new administration is formed under Lord Liverpool.The Toleration Act is passed giving greater freedom of worship to dissenters in order to ensure their political loyalty.
Art and science
Actress Sarah Siddons retires from the London stage. Her final appearance is as Lady Macbeth, the role that made her famous, but the performance has to end after the sleepwalking scene because of the fervour of the audience.Building of Regent's Canal begins under John Rennie.
United States declares war on Britain over grievances arising from British naval conduct in the French wars. American plan for attack on Canada fails and British troops under Sir Edward Pakenham force surrender of Detroit.Wellington defeats French at Salamanca and enters Madrid.Napoleon leads France in disastrous Russian campaign.