© National Portrait Gallery, London
Princess Caroline Elizabeth
by John Simon, sold by Thomas Taylor, after Martin Maingaud Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, 1720-1726 (1720)
13 5/8 in. x 9 7/8 in. (346 mm x 251 mm)
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Martin Maingaud. Artist associated with 6 portraits.
- John Simon (1675-1751), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 213 portraits.
- Thomas Taylor (active 1711-1725), Publisher. Artist associated with 8 portraits.
Collapse of the South Sea Company's shares causes financial crisis in London and ruins many investors. Their rapid inflation and the speculation mania it had encouraged become known as the South Sea Bubble. Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend returns to the Whig ministry. Robert Walpole 1st Earl of Orford, who had resigned in 1717, also returns and restores public credit in December.
Art and science
Entrepreneur Ralph Allen is appointed to take over the Cross and Bye Posts, which manage mail not going via London, leading to his eventual reform of the entire British postal system.History painter James Thornhill is appointed Serjeant Painter to the King and becomes the first British artist to receive a knighthood.
Treaty of the Hague signed between Britain, France, Austria, the Dutch Republic and Spain ending the War of the Quadruple Alliance.In Lhasa, the Dalai Lama accepts Chinese imperial protection, which lasts until 1911.Two political parties emerge in Sweden's parliament and become known as the Hats and the Caps.