© National Portrait Gallery, London
King George III when Prince of Wales
by James Macardell, after David Lüders Click on the links below to find out more
11 1/4 in. x 8 1/8 in. (286 mm x 206 mm) paper size
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
- King George III (1738-1820), Reigned 1760-1820. Sitter associated with 183 portraits.
- David Lüders (1710-1759). Artist associated with 2 portraits.
- James Macardell (1727 or 1728-1765), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 291 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
Frederick, Prince of Wales dies and is succeeded by his son, later George III, as Prince of Wales.Third Gin Act requires government inspection of distilleries and restricts sales to licensed premises in an effort to curtail consumption.
Art and science
Thomas Gray publishes his poem Elegy written in a Country Church Yard
.Philosopher David Hume publishes An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals
.Eliza Haywood publishes her novel The History of Miss Betsy Thoughtless
. William Hogarth publishes his satirical engravings Beer-Street
, Gin Lane
and The Four Stages of Cruelty
Robert Clive reopens hostilities with the French in India. He prevails after holding out during the siege of Arcot.First part of the Encyclopédie
- an innovative 28 volume encyclopedia which represented the dominant strains of Enlightenment thinking - is published in France, edited by Diderot. Swedish chemist Alex Cronstedt identifies nickel as an impurity in copper ore as a separate metallic element.