© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Benjamin Holl, after Charles Jervas Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, mid 19th century
9 7/8 in. x 6 3/4 in. (251 mm x 171 mm)
acquired unknown source, 1973
- Jonathan Swift (1667-1745), Satirist and divine. Sitter in 26 portraits.
- Benjamin Holl (1808-1884), Engraver. Artist associated with 18 portraits.
- Charles Jervas (1675-1739), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 39 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
George IV dies at Windsor on 26 June; William IV succeeds to the throne.Duke of Wellington resigns as Prime Minister to be succeeded by Earl Grey.'Captain Swing' disturbances among agricultural districts in southern England. Taking their name from a mythical leader, hundreds of labourers break the threshing machines that threaten their winter employment.
Art and science
Liverpool and Manchester Railway opens; MP William Huskisson is run down by a train and killed at the inaugural ceremony.William Cobbett publishes Rural Rides
; a nostalgic tribute to the English countryside which expresses dismay at the sweeping changes taking place.
July Revolution in France overthrows the Bourbon dynasty. Charles X goes into exile in England and Louis Philippe, Duc d'Orleans is proclaimed King by the Chamber of Deputies who fear European opposition to the declaration of a second Republic.