© National Portrait Gallery, London
Grinling Gibbons; Elizabeth Gibbons
by and published by John Smith, after John Closterman Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, 1691 (1691)
12 in. x 13 3/4 in. (305 mm x 350 mm) plate size; 13 7/8 in. x 16 in. (352 mm x 405 mm) paper size
- Elizabeth Gibbons (died before 1720), Wife of Grinling Gibbons. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Grinling Gibbons (1648-1721), Woodcarver and sculptor. Sitter in 10 portraits.
- John Closterman (1660-1711). Artist associated with 58 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D1335: Grinling Gibbons; Elizabeth Gibbons (from same plate)
- NPG D2430: Grinling Gibbons; Elizabeth Gibbons (from same plate)
John Tillotson reluctantly accepts the appointment of Archbishop of Canterbury. A prominent preacher, Tillotson hoped his aims to unite the country's Protestants and initiate a moral reformation would be fulfilled by the dual monarchy.
Art and science
Dramatic opera, King Arthur
, by poet John Dryden, is staged for the first time. Written originally in 1684, the play is revived as an opera with music by Henry Purcell.
Treaty of Limerick ends fighting between Irish Jacobites and Williamites; its military articles gave Jacobites the choice to leave Ireland or accept William as king; the civil articles, more controversially, ensured protection of Jacobite Irish gentry. As a lord justice of Ireland, Thomas Coningsby, is instrumental in finalising the settlement.