John Rennie Sr
by William Holl Jr, published by John Samuel Murray, after Archibald Skirving Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, published 1861
9 in. x 6 in. (230 mm x 151 mm) plate size; 11 3/4 in. x 8 1/4 in. (299 mm x 209 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- John Rennie Sr (1761-1821), Civil engineer; father of Sir John Rennie Jr. Sitter associated with 16 portraits.
- William Holl Jr (1807-1871), Engraver. Artist associated with 176 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- John Samuel Murray (1778-1843), Publisher. Artist associated with 36 portraits, Sitter associated with 5 portraits.
- Archibald Skirving (1749-1819), Scottish portrait painter. Artist associated with 7 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
Death of Prince Albert, from typhoid fever. Queen Victoria goes into a long period of mourning, withdrawing from public duties, and becomes known by the satirical title 'Widow of Windsor'.
Art and science
Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management
is published by her husband Sidney, who successfully maintained the Beeton brand after his wife's early death seven years later. The highly popular book, containing recipes and advice for housekeeping, appealed to the Victorian belief that a woman's role was managing the home.Morris, Marshall, Faulkner and Company is founded, marking the start of the arts and crafts movement.
The American civil war begins after the Confederate army attacks Union forces at Fort Sumner in April. The Confederates, comprised of eleven southern states who seceded from the Union over the right to independence on issues such as abolition, are presided over by Jefferson Davis, formerly senator of Mississippi. Although the Union had early successes, the Confederates' victory at Bull Run sets the Union up for a long, four-year war.