© National Portrait Gallery, London
by James Wilson, after Robert Edge Pine Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1764
13 7/8 in. x 10 in. (352 mm x 254 mm)
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- John Wilkes (1725-1797), Journalist, agitator and politician; MP for Aylesbury and Middlesex. Sitter associated with 49 portraits, Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- Robert Edge Pine (1730-1788), Painter. Artist associated with 73 portraits.
- James Wilson (circa 1735-after 1786), Printmaker. Artist associated with 21 portraits.
Radical John Wilkes publishes his pornographic parody of Alexander Pope's An Essay on Man
; An Essay on Woman
. Parliament moves to expel him once again but Wilkes flees to Paris. He is found guilty of obscene and seditious libel in his absence and declared an outlaw. Sugar Act levies duty on sugar, wine and textiles imported into America while the Currency Act prohibits the American colonies from issuing paper currency in any form.
Art and science
8-year old composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart arrives in London with his family as part of a European tour and amazes British audiences. Artist William Hogarth dies in London.Connoisseur and collector Horace Walpole publishes The Castle of Otranto
; regarded as the first gothic novel.Lancashire weaver James Hargreaves invents the Spinning Jenny.
Catherine the Great founds the Hermitage as a court museum attached to the Winter Palace in St Petersburg.Nawab of Bengal Mir Qasim increasingly independent of the British and rebuilds Bengal's army. He captures the British garrison at Patna and executes his hostages. British forces are victorious at the decisive Battle of Buxar. Mir Qasim flees into exile in Delhi where he later dies. Jesuits are expelled from France.