1 portrait of Samuel Ayscough
by James Basire, published by Nichols & Son
line engraving, published 31 December 1804
7 3/4 in. x 4 5/8 in. (197 mm x 117 mm) plate size; 8 3/4 in. x 5 1/2 in. (222 mm x 140 mm) paper size
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
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Events of 1804back to top
Current affairsWilliam Pitt returns to office and forms a second coalition administration, retaining many of those who had served under his predecessor Henry Addington but specifically excluding his arch rival Charles James Fox .
Art and scienceWilliam Blake starts writing Jerusalem. One of his most ambitious allegorical poems, it took nearly eight years to complete.
Amidst infighting about submissions to the annual exhibition, attempts are made to unseat painter Benjamin West as President of the Royal Academy and elect architect James Wyatt instead.
InternationalNapoleon declares himself Emperor of France and is crowned as Napoleon I by Pope Pius VII in Paris.
Haiti achieves independence led by Toussaint L'Ouverture, the patriot and martyr who had seized control from the French in 1801. He becomes a symbolic figure of freedom for the British anti-slavery movement.