Anna Scott, Duchess of Monmouth and Duchess of Buccleuch
by Pieter Schenck, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, late 17th-early 18th century
13 1/8 in. x 9 3/4 in. (334 mm x 249 mm) plate size; 14 in. x 10 1/4 in. (355 mm x 260 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1963
- Pieter Schenck (1660-1711), Engraver and publisher. Artist associated with 50 portraits.
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1680 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- NPG D10988: Anna Scott, Duchess of Monmouth and Duchess of Buccleuch (from same plate)
Charles II mistress, Barbara Villiers, is created Duchess of Cleveland and granted Nonsuch Palace including its sizeable grounds. Actress and royal mistress, Nell Gwyn, gives birth to Charles II's son, Charles, who would later become, Duke of St. Albans.
Art and science
Tragicomedy, The Forc'd Marriage
, by Aphra Behn, staged by the Duke's Company, starts Behn's career as a professional writer. The writer may have been a royalist spy towards the end of the interregnum. Poet laureate, John Dryden, is made historiographer royal, a post he would hold for nearly 20 years.
Terms of a secret treaty between Charles II and Louis XIV are brought by Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans during a visit to Dover; upon England supplying the majority of military power for a war against Holland and Charles's official conversion to Catholicism, France would assist financially.