© National Portrait Gallery, London
Mary (née Somerset), Duchess of Ormonde and her son Thomas, Earl of Ossory
by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
13 5/8 in. x 9 7/8 in. (345 mm x 250 mm) plate size; 14 1/8 in. x 10 1/2 in. (360 mm x 267 mm) paper size
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1681 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D3785: Mary (née Somerset), Duchess of Ormonde (from same plate)
- NPG D5730: Mary (née Somerset), Duchess of Ormonde (from same plate)
- NPG D6603: Mary (née Somerset), Duchess of Ormonde (from same plate)
William III shift to the Whigs is made apparent by his appointment of John Somers and John Trenchard to senior government posts; his initial preference for mixed ministries waned principally due to Whig support of his foreign policies.
Art and science
Dramatist, William Congreve, stages his first two plays; The Old Bachelor
is enthusiastically received, conversely his subsequent play, The Double Dealer
, is not met with the same approval. In response, Congreve angrily attacks his critics in the dedication of its first publication.
Battle of Landen. French army heavily defeats English and Dutch forces under William III. William's retreat from the French cavalry is made possible by the defence of the bridge at Neerhespen, by Huguenot leader, Henri de Massue de Ruvigny. French defeat the British and Dutch merchant fleet, the Smyrna convoy.