© National Portrait Gallery, London
by James Macardell, after Sir Joshua Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
19 7/8 in. x 13 5/8 in. (510 mm x 350 mm)
- James Macardell (1727 or 1728-1765), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 291 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
Birth of Prince Edward, fourth son of George III and father of Queen Victoria. Chancellor, Charles Townshend, passes a series of acts - the 'Townshend Duties' - taxing all glass, lead, paint, paper and tea imported into the American colonies.Work begins on Edinburgh's New Town, to the design of the 23-year-old architect James Craig.
Art and science
Josiah Spode establishes the Spode pottery manufactory at Stoke-on-Trent.Philosopher and chemist Joseph Priestley publishes The History and Present State of Electricity
. First annual Nautical Almanac is produced by Astronomer Royal Nevil Maskelyne, allowing mariners to find their longitude while at sea, using tables of lunar distances.
'Townshend Duties' cause uproar in America.First Anglo-Mysore War breaks out between between the Sultanate of Mysore Hyder Ali and the East India Company.Jesuits are expelled from Spain. Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon complete a four-year survey to establish the boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland; the Mason-Dixon line.