© National Portrait Gallery, London
John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute
by John Raphael Smith, after Jean Etienne Liotard Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1774
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
- Jean Etienne Liotard (1702-1789). Artist associated with 23 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- John Raphael Smith (1752-1812), Portrait painter, engraver and pastellist. Artist associated with 185 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- NPG D13244: John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute (from same plate)
- NPG D32469: John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute (from same plate)
Philanthropist and reformer John Howard is called before the House of Commons Select Committee to give evidence on the shocking conditions in prisons across the country.Young Tahitian Omai arrives in England after making contact with Captain James Cook on his second voyage. He is introduced into London Society by Joseph Banks and is much admired. Coercive or 'Intolerable' Acts are passed in response to the crisis in the American colonies.
Art and science
Philosopher and chemist Joseph Priestley isolates oxygen in the form of a gas.Artist Thomas Gainsborough moves from Bath to set up a studio in London. Royal Crescent, Bath, designed by John Wood the Younger, is completed. Methodist preacher John Wesley publishes his pamphlet Thoughts Upon Slavery
which argues against slavery.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe publishes his romantic novel, The Sorrows of Young Werthe
r, bringing him an immediate European reputation.In retaliation for the Boston Tea Party, the port of Boston is closed under the first of the British government's Coercive Acts. Delegates from twelve American colonies meet in Philadelphia and agree not to import any goods from Britain.Death of Louis XV of France. Louis XVI succeeds.