© National Portrait Gallery, London
probably by Richard Gaywood, after Wenceslaus Hollar, after Titian Click on the links below to find out more
etching, 1647 or after
8 1/4 in. x 6 1/8 in. (210 mm x 154 mm) paper size
- Richard Gaywood (active 1644-1668). Artist associated with 97 portraits.
- Wenceslaus Hollar (1607-1677), Etcher. Artist associated with 530 portraits, Sitter associated with 10 portraits.
- Titian (circa 1488-1576). Artist associated with 44 portraits.
Putney debaters. Civilian Levellers and parliamentary soldiers discuss a new constitution for the country; discussions focus on drafted proposals from both groups with Commissary-General Henry Ireton attempting to moderate the Levellers's radical Agreement of the People. Scots surrender Charles I to Parliament. Imprisoned at various locations, Charles enjoys relative freedom.
Art and science
Mariner, Sir Robert Dudley, publishes his maritime encyclopedia, Dell' Arcano del Mare
with illustrations by Antonio Francesco Lucini. Written in Italian, the pioneering work includes cartography by Dudley of the earliest printed sea atlas of the world. Anglo-Dutch portrait painter, Daniel Mytens, Van Dyck's predecessor as court painter, dies.
Released from the Tower, George Monck, Duke of Albemarle, is appointed commander of Parliament's forces in eastern Ulster. The Irish Confederate suffer resounding defeats at the battles of Dungan's Hill and Knocknanauss against English Parliamentary forces.