© National Portrait Gallery, London
John Courtenay ('Camille des Moulins')
by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey Click on the links below to find out more
soft-ground etching, published 12 May 1794
8 1/2 in. x 7 in. (215 mm x 178 mm) plate size; 9 3/8 in. x 7 7/8 in. (239 mm x 201 mm) paper size
- John Courtenay (1738-1816), Politician and army officer. Sitter associated with 14 portraits.
- Hannah Humphrey (active 1778-1822), Publisher and printseller. Artist associated with 718 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- James Sayers (1748-1823), Artist. Artist associated with 191 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- NPG D9744: Charles James Fox ('Robespierre') (from same series as)
- NPG D9940: Richard Brinsley Sheridan ('Barrere') (from same series as)
- NPG D9826: James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale ('Brissot') (from same series as)
- NPG D9954: Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope ('Anacharsis Cloots') (from same series as)
- NPG D9755: Sir Philip Francis ('Francois Philippeaux') (from same series as)
- NPG D9770: Augustus Henry Fitzroy, 3rd Duke of Grafton ('Egalite') (from same series as)
- NPG D12261: 'Frontispiece' (from same series as)
- NPG D20552: John Courtenay ('Camille des Moulins') (from same series as)
Treason Trials against John Horne Tooke, Thomas Hardy and John Thelwall take place amidst fears of domestic revolution. Their acquittal marks the most dramatic victory of the cause.Leader of the Opposition, Charles James Fox's Libel Bill secures the landmark right of trial by jury for the accused.Thomas Muir and the four other Scottish Martyrs who campaigned for parliamentary reform were transported to Australia for sedition.
Art and science
Edward Jenner discovers the smallpox inoculation after realising that those who worked with cattle and caught cowpox developed immunity.Drury Lane Theatre re-opens under the management of the playwright Richard Brinsley Sheridan. In competition with the Covent Garden Theatre it featured a new pit and boxes designed by architect Henry Holland.
Maximilien Robespierre, member of the French dictatorial Committee of Public Safety is arrested and executed as part of a conspiracy by enemies who disliked his anti-extremist stance and zeal for social reform.Campaign in the Low Countries under the Duke of York. Allies are defeated and French reoccupy Brussels. British troops retreat to Holland.