© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Wenceslaus Hollar, after Johannes Meyssens Click on the links below to find out more
6 1/4 in. x 4 1/4 in. (158 mm x 108 mm) paper size
- Adam Elsheimer (1578-1610), Painter, printmaker and draughtsman active in Italy. Sitter in 1 portrait, Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- Wenceslaus Hollar (1607-1677), Etcher. Artist associated with 533 portraits, Sitter associated with 10 portraits.
- Johannes Meyssens (1612-1670), Painter, engraver and publisher. Artist associated with 42 portraits.
The Cavalier Parliament, with pro-royalist-Anglican majority, begins passing legislation to enforce conformity to the restored Church of England. These statues became known as the 'Clarendon Code', named after, Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, erroneously, since Clarendon favoured a more tolerate approach. Coronation of Charles II in Westminster Abbey.
Art and science
Prince Rupert, Count Palatine, the earliest practitioner of mezzotint engraving in England, demonstrates the technique to diarist John Evelyn. The Sceptical Chymist
by natural philosopher, Robert Boyle is published; in it Boyle argues for a more philosophical approach to the study of nature by 'chymists'.
The marriage treaty of Charles II and Catherine of Braganza, sister of the Afonso VI, King of Portugal is concluded. Catherine's dowry brings Mumbai and Tangiers into British possession, as well as free trade with Brazil and the East Indies. England, in return, would provide military protection for Portugal.