15 of 28 portraits of Lancelot Andrewes
by Wenceslaus Hollar, after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1643
4 5/8 in. x 3 in. (120 mm x 76 mm) paper size
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Current affairsSigning of the Solemn League and Covenant. The treaty forms an alliance between the English Parliament and Scottish Covenanters. Sir Henry Vane emerges as the leading spokesman of the English delegation. The Westminster Assembly, comprising of clergymen and politicians, is appointed by the Long Parliament to restructure the Anglican Church.
Art and scienceThe authorised version of Religio Medici (A Doctor's Religion), by Norwich physician Sir Thomas Browne, is published. A type of personal memoir, the work gained Browne a European reputation. Parliament issues a licensing order stipulating that all books are examined prior to publication, inciting John Milton to write Areopagitica, 1644.
InternationalAged four, Louis XIV inherits the French throne. He would become the longest reigning monarch in European history. Charles I orders James Butler, Duke of Ormonde, to arrange a ceasefire with the Catholics Confederates in Ireland, allowing Ormonde's Irish troops to fight against the Parliamentarians in England.
- Portrait of the Day: Augustus Pugin
31 January, 12:30