© National Portrait Gallery, London
David Murray, 2nd Earl of Mansfield
by James Sayers, published by James Bretherton Click on the links below to find out more
etching, published 14 July 1784
7 in. x 4 1/2 in. (178 mm x 114 mm) plate size; 7 3/4 in. x 4 7/8 in. (198 mm x 125 mm) paper size
- James Bretherton (circa 1730-1806), Engraver and printseller. Artist associated with 44 portraits.
- James Sayers (1748-1823), Artist. Artist associated with 191 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- NPG D45917: David Murray, 2nd Earl of Mansfield (from same plate)
Theatre proprietor and postal reformer John Palmer runs the first mail coach in England, between Bristol and London. A three day journey is now completed in 16 hours. Commutation Act reduces punitive duties on tea to combat smuggling.
Art and science
Aeronaut James Sadler makes the first hot air balloon flight in Britain, from Oxford to Woodeaton.Chemist Henry Cavendish's paper Experiments on Air
reveals the composition of water.Writer Samuel Johnson dies.Joshua Reynolds succeeds Allan Ramsay as Painter to the King.
Thomas Jefferson's Land Ordinance passed by the United States' Continental Congress, coming into effect the following year. It allows for the sale of land in the largely unmapped west of the country. Britain receives its first bales of cotton from the United States since before the War of American Independence. William Pitt's India Act creates a Board of Control to oversee the affairs of the British East India Company and centralise power.