© National Portrait Gallery, London
John Poyntz Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer
by Joseph Brown, after Henry Tanworth Wells Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, 1878 or after
12 in. x 8 7/8 in. (304 mm x 227 mm) plate size; 21 7/8 in. x 15 in. (556 mm x 380 mm) paper size
- Joseph Brown (1809-1887), Engraver. Artist associated with 167 portraits.
- Henry Tanworth Wells (1828-1903), Miniature and portrait painter. Artist associated with 107 portraits, Sitter in 8 portraits.
- NPG D20721: John Poyntz Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer (from same plate)
- NPG D42012: John Poyntz Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer (from same plate)
The University of London becomes the first English university to admit women to examination and degree, although women had been allowed to attend classes at the University since 1830.The former British Prime Minister Lord John Russell dies at Pembroke Lodge, in Surrey.
Art and science
Libel trial between critic John Ruskin and artist Whistler, provoked after Ruskin's review of Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket
accused Whistler of 'flinging a pot of paint in the public's face'. Whistler sued Ruskin, and although Ruskin was found guilty, he only had to pay one farthing in damages; the case bankrupted Whistler. Frederic Leighton, the renowned painter and sculptor is elected President of the Royal Academy.
The Treaty of Berlin is signed following the end of the Turkish-Russo war (1877-8). In a major shake-up of the Balkans, Bulgaria became autonomous, and Serbia, Montenegro, and Romania gained independence and territory, and Bosnia-Herzegovina was assigned to Austria for administration. The British delegation, including Lord Russell and Disraeli, score diplomatic success in limiting Russian influence in the Balkans, continuing to prop up Turkey.