© National Portrait Gallery, London
Margaret, Crown Princess of Sweden; Queen Victoria; Prince Arthur of Connaught
by Alexander Bassano Click on the links below to find out more
half-plate glass negative, 26 November 1885
- Prince Arthur of Connaught (1883-1938), Governor-General of South Africa; son of 1st Duke of Connaught and grandson of Queen Victoria. Sitter in 43 portraits.
- Margaret, Crown Princess of Sweden (1882-1920), First wife of Crown Prince Gustav Adolf of Sweden; daughter of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and granddaughter of Queen Victoria. Sitter in 36 portraits.
- Queen Victoria (1819-1901), Reigned 1837-1901. Sitter associated with 528 portraits, Artist associated with 5 portraits.
- Alexander Bassano (1829-1913), Photographer. Artist associated with 2806 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
Redistribution Act; continues Gladstone's extensive package of electoral reform, although his Liberal government is later defeated when the Irish Nationalists, seeking support for Home Rule, side with the Conservatives over a budget measure. The Marquess of Salisbury is invited to form a 'caretaker' government.
Art and scienceThe Dictionary of National Biography
is first published quarterly, under the editorship of Leslie Stephen, and sub-editorship of Sidney Lee. Volume 63 completed the work in 1900. Setting new standards in life writing, the DNB
exemplified the form of the brief biography, formalising a style and approach to writing lives, based on Stephen's guiding principles of selection and presentation in 'business-like form'.
The death of the famous General Charles Gordon sparks outrage in Britain. Sent to the Sudan to evacuate Egyptian forces from Khartoum, threatened by Sudanese rebels under Muhammad Ahmad al-Mahdi, Khartoum quickly came under siege, and Gordon is killed and beheaded two days before the relief force arrived. The British public proclaimed Gordon a martyr, and attacked government, particularly Gladstone, for not relieving British forces earlier.