© National Portrait Gallery, London
Benjamin Bathurst; William, Duke of Gloucester
by and published by John Smith, after Thomas Murray Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, 1697 (1696)
16 3/8 in. x 10 1/2 in. (416 mm x 266 mm) plate size; 16 7/8 in. x 10 7/8 in. (428 mm x 277 mm) paper size
- Thomas Murray (1663-1735), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 85 portraits, Sitter associated with 7 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D9212: Benjamin Bathurst; William, Duke of Gloucester (from same plate)
- NPG D1336: Benjamin Bathurst; William, Duke of Gloucester (from same plate)
- NPG D32802: Benjamin Bathurst; William, Duke of Gloucester (from same plate)
William III argues for the existence of a peacetime standing army to maintain England's safety. Unpopular with both political parties, Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford, leads the opposition against the proposal. The first service at St. Paul Cathedral is held since the building was destroyed by the Great Fire.
Art and science
Circumnavigator, William Dampier, publishes New Voyage Round the World
. Painter and member of the Whiggish Kit-Cat Club, Godfrey Kneller starts to paint the club's members devising a special portrait size for the series.
Negotiations between William Bentinck, Earl of Portland, and Louis XIV's representative, Marshal Boufflers, effectuate the signing of a peace treaty at Ryswick, ending the Nine Years' War with France. The terms include re-establishment of the territorial position in 1688 and Louis's acknowledgement of William III as King of England.