© National Portrait Gallery, London
Barbara Palmer (née Villiers), Duchess of Cleveland
published by Alexander Browne, after Sir Peter Lely Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, circa 1680-4
18 3/4 in. x 11 3/8 in. (475 mm x 290 mm) plate size; 20 1/4 in. x 12 3/4 in. (515 mm x 325 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries, 1984
- Alexander Browne (active 1659-died 1706), Artist, publisher, printseller, auctioneer and dealer. Artist associated with 149 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Sir Peter Lely (1618-1680), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 841 portraits, Sitter in 19 portraits.
- NPG D1471: Barbara Palmer (née Villiers), Duchess of Cleveland (based on same portrait)
- NPG D19886: Barbara Palmer (née Villiers), Duchess of Cleveland (from same plate)
William Howard, Viscount Stafford, is convicted of impeachment and beheaded on account of his alleged involvement in the Popish Plot. Whigs' sponsorship of a pope-burning procession, for the second consecutive year, supports their campaign to exclude James, Duke of York from the throne.
Art and science
Writer, John Bunyan, publishes, The Life and Death of Mr. Badman
. Novelistic in form and conceived as a dialogue between two gentlemen, the book was intended as a sequel to the first part of The Pilgrim's Progress
Revelations surface of a Catholic uprising in Ireland with French support. The government launches an inquiry, ultimately leading to the execution of Oliver Plunket, Archbishop of Armagh. Secretary of State, Robert Spencer, in adopting an anti-French foreign policy, forges a defensive Anglo-Spanish treaty while seeking an alliance with the Dutch.