© National Portrait Gallery, London
Mary of Modena
published by Alexander Browne, after Sir Peter Lely Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, circa 1680-4
13 3/8 in. x 9 7/8 in. (340 mm x 250 mm) plate size; 14 3/4 in. x 11 3/8 in. (375 mm x 290 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries, 1984
- Mary of Modena (1658-1718), Queen of James II. Sitter associated with 55 portraits.
- Alexander Browne (active 1659-died 1706), Artist, publisher, printseller, auctioneer and dealer. Artist associated with 149 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Sir Peter Lely (1618-1680), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 842 portraits, Sitter in 19 portraits.
William Howard, Viscount Stafford, is convicted of impeachment and beheaded on account of his alleged involvement in the Popish Plot. Whigs' sponsorship of a pope-burning procession, for the second consecutive year, supports their campaign to exclude James, Duke of York from the throne.
Art and science
Writer, John Bunyan, publishes, The Life and Death of Mr. Badman
. Novelistic in form and conceived as a dialogue between two gentlemen, the book was intended as a sequel to the first part of The Pilgrim's Progress
Revelations surface of a Catholic uprising in Ireland with French support. The government launches an inquiry, ultimately leading to the execution of Oliver Plunket, Archbishop of Armagh. Secretary of State, Robert Spencer, in adopting an anti-French foreign policy, forges a defensive Anglo-Spanish treaty while seeking an alliance with the Dutch.