© National Portrait Gallery, London
published by David Loggan, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, circa 1684 (circa 1635-1637)
13 5/8 in. x 9 7/8 in. (345 mm x 252 mm) plate size; 15 1/8 in. x 11 3/8 in. (385 mm x 290 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries, 1984
- William Laud (1573-1645), Archbishop of Canterbury. Sitter associated with 61 portraits.
- Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Artist associated with 1017 portraits, Sitter associated with 31 portraits.
- David Loggan (1634-1692), Artist and engraver. Artist associated with 191 portraits.
Loggan's address has been rubbed off the impression. Browne may have acquired the plate or impressions from Loggan conceiving it to be a pair to his mezzotint of Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford. Laud and Strafford were loyal to Charles I and were the two most prominent Royalist 'martyrs' of the Civil War. Browne no doubt sold the prints to cash in on the nostalgia for the reign of Charles I.
- NPG 171: William Laud (based on same portrait)
James, Duke of York's influence grows within Charles II's government; the Admiralty commission is abolished, allowing James to resume his role as lord admiral, in all but name. A new generation of Tories, supporters of James are bestowed with influential roles, including Sir George Jeffreys, recently appointed Lord Chief Justice.
Art and science
Italian decorative artist, Antonio Verrio, is appointed 'principal Gardiner and Surveyor' to the King. Author, John Bunyan, publishes the second part of his Pilgrim's Progress
Luxembourg surrenders to French forces. Renewed fighting between the French Bourbons and the Spanish Habsburgs had broken out the year before when French troops laid seize to Luxembourg and entered the Spanish Netherlands. Charles II rejects Spanish demands for assistance, determined to remain detached from the conflict.