© National Portrait Gallery, London
published by Alexander Browne, after Sir Peter Lely Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, circa 1684
13 1/4 in. x 9 7/8 in. (338 mm x 250 mm) plate size; 14 7/8 in. x 11 3/8 in. (377 mm x 290 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries, 1984
- Alexander Browne (active 1659-died 1706), Artist, publisher, printseller, auctioneer and dealer. Artist associated with 149 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Sir Peter Lely (1618-1680), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 841 portraits, Sitter in 19 portraits.
- NPG D5906: Philadelphia Saunders (from same plate)
- NPG D5907: Philadelphia Saunders (from same plate)
James, Duke of York's influence grows within Charles II's government; the Admiralty commission is abolished, allowing James to resume his role as lord admiral, in all but name. A new generation of Tories, supporters of James are bestowed with influential roles, including Sir George Jeffreys, recently appointed Lord Chief Justice.
Art and science
Italian decorative artist, Antonio Verrio, is appointed 'principal Gardiner and Surveyor' to the King. Author, John Bunyan, publishes the second part of his Pilgrim's Progress
Luxembourg surrenders to French forces. Renewed fighting between the French Bourbons and the Spanish Habsburgs had broken out the year before when French troops laid seize to Luxembourg and entered the Spanish Netherlands. Charles II rejects Spanish demands for assistance, determined to remain detached from the conflict.