© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Isaac Newton
by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, 1712 (1702)
13 5/8 in. x 10 in. (345 mm x 255 mm) plate size; 14 1/8 in. x 10 3/8 in. (360 mm x 265 mm) paper size
- Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727), Mathematical scientist. Sitter associated with 46 portraits.
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1680 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
Whig MP, Robert Walpole, Earl of Orford is found guilty by Parliament of 'a high breach of trust and notorious corruption', over reserving army forage contracts for banker, Robert Mann, and imprisoned in the Tower. Walpole would later become the first British Prime Minister in all but name in 1721.
Art and science
Mock epic poem, The Rape of the Lock
, by satirical poet Alexander Pope is first published. Ironmonger Thomas Newcomen demonstrates his invention of the atmospheric steam engine in London.Charles Boyle, Earl of Orrery, commissions a mechanical solar system model from mechanic John Rowley who names it an orrery
Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford and John Robinson, bishop of Bristol, are appointed plenipotentiaries to the Utrecht peace congress. Foundations for peace between Britain and France, were based on preliminary agreements previously negotiated in London and Paris, the details of which were unbeknownst to the plenipotentiaries or Britain's allies.