© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir John Vanbrugh
by John Simon, published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, circa 1715
13 7/8 in. x 9 7/8 in. (352 mm x 251 mm) plate size; 14 3/8 in. x 10 1/2 in. (365 mm x 266 mm) paper size
- John Simon (1675-1751), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 213 portraits.
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1678 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke flees to Paris - following his part in secret negotiations around the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 - where he becomes foreign minister to the Pretender, James Stuart. First Jacobite Rebellion begins in Scotland against the rule of George I. The Pretender arrives from France. Total solar eclipse is seen across southern England; the last total eclipse visible in London for almost 900 years.
Art and science
Artist Jonathan Richardson publishes The Theory of Painting
, credited with being the first significant work of artistic theory in English.Poet Alexander Pope begins his acclaimed translation of Homer's Illiad
Architect Colen Campbell creates interest in the Palladian style in Britain with the publication of his Vitruvius Britannicus
Louis XIV of France dies after seventy-two years on the throne. He is succeeded by his five-year old grandson, Louis XV. British build a permanent factory in Canton, China.