© National Portrait Gallery, London
King James II when Duke of York and Lord High Admiral
by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
15 5/8 in. x 11 1/4 in. (397 mm x 285 mm) plate size; 16 in. x 11 5/8 in. (407 mm x 295 mm) paper size
- King James II (1633-1701), Reigned 1685-88. Sitter associated with 132 portraits.
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1680 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
William III argues for the existence of a peacetime standing army to maintain England's safety. Unpopular with both political parties, Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford, leads the opposition against the proposal. The first service at St. Paul Cathedral is held since the building was destroyed by the Great Fire.
Art and science
Circumnavigator, William Dampier, publishes New Voyage Round the World
. Painter and member of the Whiggish Kit-Cat Club, Godfrey Kneller starts to paint the club's members devising a special portrait size for the series.
Negotiations between William Bentinck, Earl of Portland, and Louis XIV's representative, Marshal Boufflers, effectuate the signing of a peace treaty at Ryswick, ending the Nine Years' War with France. The terms include re-establishment of the territorial position in 1688 and Louis's acknowledgement of William III as King of England.