© National Portrait Gallery, London
William, Duke of Gloucester
by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, 1691 (circa 1691)
13 5/8 in. x 9 3/4 in. (347 mm x 248 mm) plate size; 14 in. x 10 1/8 in. (357 mm x 256 mm) paper size
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1682 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D9214: William, Duke of Gloucester (from same plate)
John Tillotson reluctantly accepts the appointment of Archbishop of Canterbury. A prominent preacher, Tillotson hoped his aims to unite the country's Protestants and initiate a moral reformation would be fulfilled by the dual monarchy.
Art and science
Dramatic opera, King Arthur
, by poet John Dryden, is staged for the first time. Written originally in 1684, the play is revived as an opera with music by Henry Purcell.
Treaty of Limerick ends fighting between Irish Jacobites and Williamites; its military articles gave Jacobites the choice to leave Ireland or accept William as king; the civil articles, more controversially, ensured protection of Jacobite Irish gentry. As a lord justice of Ireland, Thomas Coningsby, is instrumental in finalising the settlement.