© National Portrait Gallery, London
William, Duke of Gloucester
by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, 1693 (circa 1693)
16 in. x 9 3/4 in. (405 mm x 249 mm) plate size; 16 1/8 in. x 10 3/4 in. (409 mm x 256 mm) paper size
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1678 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D9215: William, Duke of Gloucester (from same plate)
- NPG D19026: William, Duke of Gloucester (from same plate)
- NPG D32801: William, Duke of Gloucester (from same plate)
William III shift to the Whigs is made apparent by his appointment of John Somers and John Trenchard to senior government posts; his initial preference for mixed ministries waned principally due to Whig support of his foreign policies.
Art and science
Dramatist, William Congreve, stages his first two plays; The Old Bachelor
is enthusiastically received, conversely his subsequent play, The Double Dealer
, is not met with the same approval. In response, Congreve angrily attacks his critics in the dedication of its first publication.
Battle of Landen. French army heavily defeats English and Dutch forces under William III. William's retreat from the French cavalry is made possible by the defence of the bridge at Neerhespen, by Huguenot leader, Henri de Massue de Ruvigny. French defeat the British and Dutch merchant fleet, the Smyrna convoy.