16 of 20 portraits of Thomas Campbell
by Joseph John Jenkins, published by Fisher Son & Co, after Daniel Maclise
stipple engraving, published 1844
9 in. x 5 5/8 in. (228 mm x 144 mm) plate size; 11 1/8 in. x 8 3/4 in. (284 mm x 223 mm) paper size
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Artistsback to top
- Fisher Son & Co (active 1828-1847), Publishers. Artist associated with 52 portraits.
- Joseph John Jenkins (baptised 1812-1885), Engraver and watercolour painter. Artist associated with 26 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Daniel Maclise (1806-1870), History and portrait painter. Artist associated with 107 portraits, Sitter associated with 17 portraits.
Events of 1844back to top
Current affairsBritain experiences a railway boom. Peel's government passes a series of Acts creating provision of cheap, regular rail services. George Hudson, the first great railway entrepreneur, who controlled over 1,000 miles of railway track and whose enterprises made York a major commercial and transport hub, becomes known as 'the Railway King'.
Art and scienceDisraeli's Coningsby is published. The first of his 1840s 'Young England' trilogy, it was the cultural manifesto of Disraeli's vision for a new Conservativism, uniting the two nations of the rich and poor.
David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson set up their innovative and pioneering photography studio in Edinburgh, capturing portraits of both Scottish society figures and workers, as well as urban and rural landscape scenes.
InternationalTensions continue to mount in Eastern Europe over Russian imperialist ambitions, as Tsar Nicholas I describes the Ottoman Empire as 'the Sick Man of Europe'.
With the overthrow of the Haitians, the Spanish-speaking portion of the island of Hispaniola gains independence, as the Dominican Republic.