© National Portrait Gallery, London
by and published by John Smith, after John Riley Click on the links below to find out more
13 1/2 in. x 9 7/8 in. (342 mm x 251 mm) plate size; 13 7/8 in. x 10 3/8 in. (351 mm x 265 mm) paper size
- John Riley (1646-1691), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 100 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
William III, forced to leave England to fight in Ireland, empowers Mary II, through the Regency Act, to exercise authority in his absence. William, however, unwilling to rest power solely with Mary, appoints a council of nine statesmen directly answerable to the absent king.
Art and science
Philosopher, John Locke, publishes An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding and Treatises on Government
, in which he sets out his notion that human understanding is derived from experience. Naturalist, John Ray, publishes Synopsis methodica stirpium Britannicarum
. It became the most consulted book for the classification of British plants.
William III lands in Ireland with an allied force of Protestant fighters from European states to fight French and Irish troops under James II. William's victory at the Battle of the Boyne forces James to flee into permanent exile. French defeat the English at the naval battle of Beachy Head.