© National Portrait Gallery, London
by and published by John Smith, after Thomas Hill Click on the links below to find out more
13 7/8 in. x 9 5/8 in. (354 mm x 245 mm) plate size; 14 3/8 in. x 10 in. (364 mm x 255 mm) paper size
- Mrs Cross (active 1697-1700), Actress. Sitter associated with 5 portraits.
- Thomas Hill (1661-1734), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 29 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
The sudden death of Prince William, son of Princess Anne and George, Prince of Denmark, triggers a succession crisis. His birth had secured the succession of the crown to a Protestant, safeguarding the throne from any future claim by James II's Catholic son, James Francis.
Art and science
Dramatist, William Congreve's comedy The Way of the World
premieres at Lincoln's Inn Theatre, receiving a mixed reception. It would achieve greater literary acclaim in modern times. Poet, John Dryden, dies and is buried in Geoffrey Chaucer's grave in Westminster Abbey.
Diplomat and poet, Matthew Prior, secretly negotiates with Louis XIV, king of France, a second partition treaty concerning the Spanish Empire. However, following the death of Spanish ruler, Carlos II, the agreement collapses since neither Spanish or Austrian governments accept the treaty's proposals.