by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1707 (1706)
13 5/8 in. x 9 7/8 in. (347 mm x 250 mm) plate size; 14 in. x 10 1/4 in. (355 mm x 260 mm) paper size
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Current affairsThe Acts of Union unites the Kingdoms of England and Scotland into one sovereign state, Great Britain, and merges the parliaments of both states. Presiding over the negotiations for the union was the Lord Chancellor, William Cowper and Lord Seafield, Scottish Lord Chancellor.
Art and scienceAntiquary, Humphrey Wanley, helps 're-found' the Society of Antiquaries which first meets at the Bear Tavern in the Strand. Originally established in 1586, it ceased to meet soon after the accession of James I.
InternationalFollowing failure to capture Toulon, Admiral Cloudesley Shovell's flagship 'Association' is shipwrecked in the Isles of Scilly, drowning her entire crew.
Hispano-French army, led by James FitzJames, Duke of Berwick overwhelmingly defeat British forces under Henri de Massue de Ruvigny at Almanza, a defining battle in war against France.