© National Portrait Gallery, London
John Hay, 1st Marquess of Tweeddale
by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, 1695 (1695)
13 3/8 in. x 9 7/8 in. (340 mm x 250 mm) plate size; 13 7/8 in. x 10 1/4 in. (352 mm x 261 mm) paper sze
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1678 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
Princess Anne, daughter of James II by Anne Hyde, and now heir apparent to the English throne, returns to court having retired two years previously over William III's dismissal of John Churchill and his wife, Sarah, Anne's closest companion.
Art and science
William Congreve's comical farce, Love for Love
, exemplifying the height of Restoration comedy, reopens Lincoln's Inn Theatre with a new actors' company led by actor Thomas Betterton. Its witty, sparking dialogue made it hugely popular with audiences.
William III and Maximilian II Emanuel of Bavaria, commanding the army of the grand alliance, recapture Namur in the Spanish Netherlands from the French. Despite a period of victories, the Netherlands and England begin to struggle financially under the economic strain of the ongoing Nine Years' War.