© National Portrait Gallery, London
Henrietta Crofts (née Scott), Duchess of Bolton
by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, 1703 (circa 1700)
16 1/2 in. x 10 1/2 in. (418 mm x 267 mm) plate size; 16 3/4 in. x 10 3/4 in. (425 mm x 273 mm) paper size
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1681 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D31936: Henrietta Crofts (née Scott), Duchess of Bolton (from same plate)
A great storm ravages southern England killing thousands at sea and wrecking several naval warships along the coast.The Scottish Parliament passes a Bill of Security stipulating that the successor to the Scottish throne is Protestant, descended from Scottish kings. It is vetoed by the English Parliament.
Art and science
Scholarly church historian, William Wake, publishes The State of the Church and Clergy of England
, a history of English synods since Anglo-Saxon times. Sailing and Fighting Instructions for her Majesty's Fleet
, by Admiral George Rooke provides the basis for English fleet tactics throughout the century.
Diplomat, John Methuen, negotiates commercial treaties between England and Portugal to facilitate trading relations. Portugal enters the grand alliance against France in the War of the Spanish Succession.