© National Portrait Gallery, London
Mary of Modena
published by John Smith, after Nicolas de Largillière Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, circa 1683-1729
9 in. x 6 5/8 in. (230 mm x 169 mm) trimmed to platemark
- Mary of Modena (1658-1718), Queen of James II. Sitter associated with 55 portraits.
- Nicolas de Largillière (1656-1746). Artist associated with 42 portraits, Sitter associated with 3 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
Rye House Plot, a conspiracy to murder the king and his heir, James, Duke of York, is leaked to the government by minor conspirator, Josiah Keeling. Arrests follow; some conspirators are executed, others pardoned while several flee the country. Worst ever recorded frost in England freezes the Thames.
Art and science
England's first public museum, the Ashmolean Museum, is opened by Oxford University to house a substantial collection donated by the Antiquary, Elias Ashmole.
Financial constraints forces Charles II to decide to relinquish Tangiers, an English possession since 1661, unable to continue its defence against the Moors. Admiral, George Legge, Baron Dartmouth, is commissioned to oversee the port's demolition. Diarist, Samuel Pepys accompanies Dartmouth as his secretary during the expedition.