© National Portrait Gallery, London
Peter I (Peter the Great)
by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
16 in. x 11 in. (406 mm x 279 mm) plate size; 16 3/8 in. x 11 3/8 in. (415 mm x 290 mm) paper size
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1681 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
The king's residence, Whitehall Palace, is destroyed by fire. The Banqueting House survives. Issues surrounding the prerogative of the king and size of a standing army during peacetime serve as the principal subjects for debate during the general election. The Whig Junto majority is reduced by resurgent Tory opposition.
Art and science
Anti-theatrical polemicist, Jeremy Collier writes, A Short View
, attacking the immorality of the theatre. John Bunyan's The Heavenly Foot-Man
, a sermon on Christian life, is published posthumously.
Instructed by William III, Arnold Joost van Keppel, earl of Albemarle, negotiates with Louis XIV over issues surrounding the Spanish succession. Proposals in the first partition treaty are agreed by both sides. Peter I of Russia visits England eager to strengthen diplomatic ties with other European countries.