© National Portrait Gallery, London
William Cowper, 1st Earl Cowper
by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint and drypoint, 1707
17 3/4 in. x 11 5/8 in. (450 mm x 295 mm) cut to plate mark
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1678 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
The Acts of Union unites the Kingdoms of England and Scotland into one sovereign state, Great Britain, and merges the parliaments of both states. Presiding over the negotiations for the union was the Lord Chancellor, William Cowper and Lord Seafield, Scottish Lord Chancellor.
Art and science
Antiquary, Humphrey Wanley, helps 're-found' the Society of Antiquaries which first meets at the Bear Tavern in the Strand. Originally established in 1586, it ceased to meet soon after the accession of James I.
Following failure to capture Toulon, Admiral Cloudesley Shovell's flagship 'Association' is shipwrecked in the Isles of Scilly, drowning her entire crew. Hispano-French army, led by James FitzJames, Duke of Berwick overwhelmingly defeat British forces under Henri de Massue de Ruvigny at Almanza, a defining battle in war against France.