© National Portrait Gallery, London
David Boyle, 1st Earl of Glasgow
by John Smith, after Jonathan Richardson Click on the links below to find out more
16 5/8 in. x 11 5/8 in. (422 mm x 295 mm) plate size, cut to plate size
- Jonathan Richardson (1665-1745), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 124 portraits, Sitter in 8 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
Queen Anne dismisses from office her closest companion, Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough, over disagreements principally concerning matters of state. Sarah's husband, the Duke of Marlborough, is also dismissed, a victim of ambition and political intrigue. The South Sea Company is launched to undertake the nation's debt.
Art and science
Composer, George Frideric Handel's first London opera Rinaldo
is staged at the Queen's Theatre and privately performed for the queen on her birthday at St. James's Palace. The following year Handel would leave the Hanoverian court to settle in London. Essayists, Sir Richard Steele and Joseph Addison establish The Spectator
Secret peace negotiations between France and England resume to end the War of the Spanish Succession. Lord treasurer, Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford sends poet and diplomat, Matthew Prior, to France accompanied by Louis XIV's secret negotiator, François Gaultier, to conduct talks directly with the French king.