11 of 67 portraits of William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne
by James Gillray, published by Elizabeth d'Achery
hand-coloured etching, published 2 August 1782
9 7/8 in. x 13 3/4 in. (250 mm x 349 mm) plate size; 10 in. x 14 in. (255 mm x 356 mm) paper size
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Artistsback to top
Sittersback to top
- Edward Conway (active late 1700s), Canon of Christchurch; fourth son of 1st Marquess of Hertford. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Henry Seymour Conway (1719-1795), Field Marshal. Sitter in 6 portraits.
- Charles James Fox (1749-1806), Whig statesman. Sitter associated with 299 portraits.
- Isabella Seymour-Conway (née Fitzroy), Marchioness of Hertford (1726-1782), Wife of 1st Marquess of Hertford. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford (1718-1794), Courtier and politician. Sitter in 8 portraits.
- William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (1737-1805), Prime Minister and patron of the arts. Sitter associated with 67 portraits.
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1782back to top
Current affairsFrederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford resigns as Prime Minister over recent setbacks in America and is succeeded by Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham who takes office for the second time. Rockingham dies on 1 July and is succeeded by William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne.
Repeal of Poynings Law and Declaratory Act of 1720 gives virtual legislative autonomy to Ireland.
Art and scienceAfter a poor reception in the mid 1770s, actress Sarah Siddons makes a triumphant return to the Drury Lane Theatre, London in the title role of Isabella, or, The Fatal Marriage. She will become the century's best known tragic actress.
Clergyman and artist William Gilpin publishes Observations on the River Wye; a central text in the formulation of the concept of the picturesque.
InternationalAmerican War of Independence: Siege of Gibraltar reaches a climax in the Grand Assault but French and Spanish forces are unsuccessful. Britain loses Minorca prompting the Prime Minister, Lord Rockingham, to open peace talks with the Americans. Thomas Grenville is sent to Paris to negotiate with Benjamin Franklin.
Paper manufacturer Joseph Montgolfier sends a hot-air balloon 1000 meters into the air, in front of a crowd in the Ardèche in France.